Treatment priorities 

Once the level of creative ability has been assessed the VdTMoCA provides sequential treatment priorities to target essential areas of development for each level of creative ability. These priorities enable the therapist to ensure the right intervention is delivered at the right time. This is a summary of the treatment priorities however, there is a clear sequential pattern through the development, acquisition and consolidation of the components of creative ability. Further information can be found within the texts listed in the references below.


  • To establish positive and biological tone through sensory and motor modalities
  • To develop concept of self as a separate entity to the environment
  • To increase focusing of attention
  • To orientate to the environment


  • To develop concept of self within one’s environment  
  • To develop concept formation of materials and objects
  • To relate to people
  • To increase satisfaction through engagement


  • To improve self-concept and increase awareness of the impact one can have on the environment
  • To improve tool handling to improve effectiveness
  • To develop processing skills through task execution
  • To increase awareness of social norms

Passive participation

  • To improve skills and knowledge to improve the quality of the end product
  • To Improve work habits
  • To improve socialisation in a wider range of situations
  • To develop skills to manage anxiety and emotional responses  
  • To develop skills to engage and manage within a group
  • To develop self esteem


  • To increase independence in achieving expected product standards
  • To develop the ability to form and maintain relationships according to social norms and expectations
  • To develop robust self esteem and self-efficacy
  • To develop skills in using leisure time constructively


Van der Reyden, D, Casteleijn, Sherwood, W & de Witt, P. (2019) The Vona du Toit Model of Creative Ability: Origins, Constructs, Principles and Application in Occupational Therapy. Pretoria: The Vona and Marie du Toit Foundation. 


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