The occupational therapist’s task is to discover the individual as an occupational being, in terms of occupational identity (roles, interests, values, aspirations) gathering an occupational history, confirming their current level of creative ability and considering future potential. This includes identifying the person’s motivation and action, (occupational performance).
Assessment identifies what the individual has volition and is motivated towards, the behaviors and skills that they have and is motivated towards developing, and the influence of the environment. This is identified within the four occupational performance areas: personal management, work ability (ability to effectively carry out life roles, and includes identification of whether a person has the ability to work), social ability and constructive use of free time.
Assessment also identifies the phase of the level, indicating how far through the level the person has progressed - this is helpful for knowing how much input the therapist needs to provide in order to enable the person to participate in activity and occupation.
To effectively assess and provide intervention, requires knowledge and skills for undertaking a holistic, detailed analysis of the person in relation to the environment. It is necessary to receive training in order to understand the components of creative ability, how they relate to each other and manifest in the different levels of creative ability.
Observation is a key assessment method, because you are looking for motivation and skills and behaviours that indicate the level of creative ability. The therapist is observing to assess the components of creative ability evidenced in the person’s actions in relation to the occupational performance areas. Because observation is such a powerful mode of assessment, assessing an individual's level of creative ability can begin as soon as you meet the individual.
The components of creative ability are:
The components of creative ability all influence each other and result in the behaviour, the quality of the end product and the degree of supervision and assistance needed by the individual.
The therapist must also observe the individual in a range of situations completing both familiar and unfamiliar tasks. Task assessments are more formal situations when the therapist carefully selects a task for the individual to undertake. Careful consideration is given to the possible level of creative ability to ensure the task is challenging enough to assess the individual's capabilities however not too easy to potentially mask the true level of creative ability.
Undertaking unfamiliar tasks demands higher degrees of effort, occupational performance and managing anxiety levels. It is important whilst the task should be unfamiliar it should be in line with the individual's interests to spark motivation to engage.
The therapist should have a good understanding of the VdTMoCA to be able to assess an individual's level of creative ability. It is strongly recommended to refer to the reading list below to begin to build your knowledge of the levels, the components of creative ability and the assessment process.
Creative Participation Assessment
The Creative Participation Assessment tool (CPA) was developed by Dain van der Reyden, a South African occupational therapist, and colleagues.
The CPA tool consists of short descriptors as prompts regarding an aspect of creative ability. It is presented in a table format with descriptors of different aspects of creative ability manifested at each level of creative ability. The CPA is not an assessment in itself, but a tool for recording and analyzing assessment findings in order to identify an individual’s level of creative ability and clinically reason how the components of creative ability are influencing an individual’s performance.
For further information on the use of the CPA and the VdTMoCAF (UK) Position statement please click here.
Recommended reading list
De Witt, P. A. (2014) Occupational Therapy in Psychiatry and Mental Health (5th ed). West Sussex: Wiley Blackwell Publishers..
Du Toit, V. (2015). Patient Volition and Action in Occupational Therapy (5th ed.). Pretoria: Vona and Marié du Toit Foundation.
Van der Reyden, D, Casteleijn, D, Sherwood, W and de Witt, P. (2019) The Vona du Toit Model of Creative Ability: Origins, Constructs, Principles and Application in Occupational Therapy. Pretoria: The Marie and Vona du Toit Foundation.
A Patient Volition and Action in Occupational Therapy holds Vona du Toit’s original papers...